Well proportioned; the silhouette is harmonious showing quality, grace and perfect balance, combined with enough substance to give the impression of resistance. Any tendency to coarseness or weakness is undesirable.
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Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis
Collie Eye Anomaly (CEA)
Trapped Neutrophil Syndrome (TNS)
The Border Collie is a descendant of the native collies, a type of traditional domestic dog from the British Isles. The name of the race (in Spanish, collie de la frontera) indicates that the most likely place of origin of the border collie was the border between Scotland and England. The first mention of Collie or Colley appears at the end of the 19th century, although the collie word is much earlier, and seems to originate from the Scottish language, where the word would be a cognate of coal; the Celtic origin of the word collie, where it would mean useful, seems discarded. The border collie would therefore be a direct descendant of the traditional sheepdog of the Scottish Lowlands and of Cumbria and Northumberland, where he began to breed systematically during the nineteenth century.